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New Caledonia has 25% of the world's known nickel resources, as well as an exceptional terrestrial and marine biodiversity wealth. The political agreements of Bercy, Matignon, and Nouméa (1998) are based on the redistribution and valorization of nickel ores, seen as a major stake in balanced societal development by all the actors involved.

At the request of local political decision-makers, the IRD and its local and international scientific institutional partners have been conducting a extensive multidisciplinary research and training program since 2000, providing knowledge on the entire cycle of the mining projects, and solutions for monitoring and reducing negative impacts. Over and above the results, the collective and participatory scientific approach involving all public and private actors, as well as the population, has led to a reinforced structuring path of research in New Caledonia, through the creation of international events, observatories, research centers and innovative international networks.

This study relates the cause-and-effect links between the progress of people, ideas and knowledge, and the impacts on New Caledonian society, and beyond, taking into account this globally sensitive research topic, on the necessary awareness of the importance of open, shared, multidisciplinary science, and the methods and resources to be allocated to it to guide the actors towards a sustainable, reasoned mining activity, respectful of living beings and their environment.


Editeur : IRD Éditions

Collection : Chemins d'impacts

Publication : 16 janvier 2024

Intérieur : Couleur

Support(s) : eBook [PDF], eBook [ePub]

Contenu(s) : PDF, ePub

Protection(s) : Marquage social (PDF), Marquage social (ePub)

Taille(s) : 1,3 Mo (PDF), 1,8 Mo (ePub)

Langue(s) : Anglais

EAN13 eBook [PDF] : 9782709930147

EAN13 eBook [ePub] : 9782709929073


Introductory note



  • Mining policy in New Caledonia
  • Nouméa Accord
  • The research situation in New Caledonia
  • Report by Fabrice Colin: bases for the development of research in New Caledonia from 2002 onwards 

Actors’ contributions

  • Scientific issues
  • Scientific expertise and structures mobilised for the research
  • Funding
  • Knowledge base

Research products

  • Academic publications
  • Establishment of a fungus collection
  • Creation of a mycological society 
  • Standards, methods, guides, analysis procedures, etc. for service companies and mining companies alike
  • International scientific symposia
  • Agora White Paper
  • Dissemination of scientific knowledge to society 
  • Resources: monitoring stations
  • Reinforcement and optimisation of platforms
  • Collegial surveys 
  • Capacity building: teaching
  • Capacity building: student training

Circulation of knowledge and intermediaries

  • The “Institut agronomique néo-calédonien” 
  • Public authorities 
  • Bureau of Industry, Mines and Energy – New Caledonia (Dimenc) 
  • Mining operators 
  • Local populations, associations and NGOs (including the WWF)
  • Students trained in research laboratories
  • The University of New Caledonia (UNC
  • Researchers

Initial impacts

  • Institutional
  • Economic
  • Capacity-building, furthering of scientific expertise
  • Health, social, educational and cultural issues
  • Environmental
  • Academic 

Widespread impacts

  • Rapid growth of the Amedéé international network

Sur le même thème

Dans la même collection

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